The role of flint in historical times

The use of metal implements, especially the spreading of the less valuable iron tools gradually replaced flint as the raw material of tools. The mechanical properties of flint, i.e., it gives a good spark when hit with steel or another quartzose stone became more important than its traditional functions. As part of the shepherds' kit, flint was used from Early Medieval times till our century. Its industrial scale exploitation started in the 16th century, based on its spark-producing quality as part of fire arms ('gunflint').
Modern industry use silices especially in grinding mills and the production of jewellery.

Illustrations to this chapter:

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